A Basic Guide for Mining Tools:

Mining industry involves the search of extraction, mineral processing and the distillation of naturally occurring solid materials from the earth. Mined minerals appear almost in every consumer product from cars to electronics, to jewelry and much more. Minerals like uranium and coal are major energy sources that are accountable for 50% of the US energy supply. Mining equipments refer to the mining tools or mining machines which are used to extract minerals from the earth.

Before we identify key mining tools and mining machines, it’s significant to understand different types of mining services methods for which these tools are used.

Types of Mining Methods:

The procedure of mining falls into two categories that is surface mining and underground mining. There are three common steps in both types of mining which are as under:

  • Extraction:

It consists of digging, drilling or blasting into the earth to extract minerals.

  • Material Handling:

Material handling involves sorting out the materials, sending the target materials to a processing site and by sending irrelevant materials to a waste area.

  • Material Processing:

It is the process where the minerals go to be smelted, crushed, grinded or refined, converting the materials into finished products for distribution.

Surface Mining Method:

Surface mining is a type of mining method to extract minerals that are close to the earth’s surface. It is the most frequent method for non fuel minerals, accounting for 97% of the total amount extracted. The most common types of surface mining include: 

  • Strip Mining:

Strip mining is when the land is removed of vegetation and rocks before dug out. It is mainly used for extracting coal and other hard materials.

  • Mountain top Removal:

It is where the tops of mountains are removed and the resulting area is mined.

  • Open Pit Mining:

It is where the large areas of land are excavated to create a hole. Open pit mines are often used to extract gold, silver and copper.

Underground Mining:

It is the kind of mining when the mineral deposits are located deep below the surface of the earth’s surface. Underground mining is commonly used for the extraction of coal, iron ore, oil and diamonds.

Types of Underground Mining:

  • Room and Pillar Mining:

It consists of the construction of rectangular pillars to support the weight of the ceiling while miners clear out the minerals from around the pillars. This technique can be done by specialized underground mining equipment.

  • Retreat mining: This mining follows room and pillar mining until the room’s mining is finished. This procedure finishes the pillars for their ore content to simplify material recovery.
  • Blast mining:The use of explosives to loosen rocks and open mining spaces, particularly in removing hard rock from both ground and surface mines.

Types of Mining Services Equipment:

Here is a list of mining services equipment which is used for surface mining or underground mining activities


  • Large Mining Vehicles:

The mining services equipment includes heavy duty trucks which are required to transport goods around a mining site. The giant mining trucks also called off-highway trucks.

  • Mining Shovels with Hydraulics:

The mining shovels also known as excavators are evolved from the past. Modern models frequently use hydraulics to move the shovel including mining services equipment through challenging materials.

  • Big Dozers:

Massive mining dozers quickly move materials through a mining site. The availability of vehicles with wheels broadens the range of surfaces on which these dozers can work.

  • Graders with Motors:

The mines are rarely accessible by road. Motor grades are used for surface tasks such as creating or maintaining roads by mining service equipment.

  • Crane Lifts:

They are versatile in underground mining These mining machines are used to load explosives which can carry other heavy loads and mining equipment.

  • Loaders and Haulers:

These are extremely compact and controllable type of equipment used in underground mining which is specifically designed for underground work.

  • Rock Dusters:

Rock dusters are essential in preventing mining shafts from combusting. Dusters cover dust or dust with a small amount of combustible materials to counter the coal dust. This is important when planned explosions are taking place.

  • Shotcrete Machines:

Shotcrete machines shower concrete along mine tunnel walls and ceilings to strengthen the structural integrity of a mine shaft or a tunnel.

  • Blasting Tools:

Blasting tools are an essential part of the mining industry and are used to break down and fracture materials by a use of calculated amount of explosives until it is broken down.

  • Mining Drills:

One of the most common type of mining equipment, drills are an important part of the underground mining operation. Drill is one of the tools that utilises fewer miners needing to be working in the mines.


Prismecs will deliver the right equipment and engineering solutions you need to maximize extraction. Whether you have achieved your connected mine by embracing the state of art technology, or you have to perform any required blasting and transport your material for crushing. To avail our services give us a call at 18887747632 or email us at sales@prismecs.com.

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