Types of mining services equipment:

Mining can occur either on the surface or underground by mining services equipment. The environment determines the type of mining required and the equipment utilized, and the type of material mined. There are three significant steps in both surface and groundwater mining:

Extraction: Drilling, blasting, or excavating are used to remove materials from the mining area.

Material handling: This comprises sorting and transporting materials to either be disposed of or processed.

Material processing: The last stage by mining services equipment is grinding, sorting, crushing, refining, and smelting them at an off-site plant to turn mined material or any other items into finished products.

Mining on the Ground: Surface mining is the most frequent method for non-fuel minerals, accounting for 97 percent of the total amount extracted. Miners use surface extraction for minerals that are near the surface.

On the surface, there are three basic methods of mining. Quarrying, open-pit mining, and strip mining are examples of these methods.

When quarrying, miners may cut hard stone blocks for decorative purposes, such as granite for architecture. Quarrying can also involve extracting gravel, crushed stone, and sand utilizing procedures comparable to open-pit mining.

Open-pit mine entails digging a big hole in the ground from which miners extract the required material. Miners may use this technology to recover silver from the soil. Underground silver mining is another method. Occasionally, explosively destroying a hilltop to reveal the rocky materials beneath is the first stage in constructing an open pit. 

Strip mining is the third type of surface mining, and it primarily collects thin layers of coal from near the surface. Because coal is not a significant mining product in Nevada, strip mining helps round out the three types of surface mining employed globally.

Mining Deep by mining services equipment:

Minerals, ore, metals, or other deep underground items necessitate distinct extraction processes. Mining can entail both hard and soft rock, and each requires different instruments to extract the resources. For example, the tools used to dig soft materials may not be powerful enough to cut through solid rock.

Underground mining services equipment uses include automating procedures and adopting zero-emission cars to keep miners safe.

Types of underground mining include the following:

Room and pillar mining: Miners dig out the rest of the needed material from the space by creating ore pillars to support the ceiling. Instead of workers, this system may use a continuous mining method to extract material.

Retreat mining: This mining follows room and pillar mining until the room’s mining is finished. This procedure finishes the pillars for their ore content to simplify material recovery.

Blast mining: The use of explosives to loosen rocks and open mining spaces, particularly in removing hard rock from both ground and surface mines.

Types of Mining Services Equipment:

Here is a list of mining services equipment used for surface or underground mining activities, as well as their uses, to help you understand the options for machinery:

Large Mining Vehicles:

mining services equipment includes Heavy-duty trucks are required to transport goods around a mine site. Giant mining trucks, often known as off-highway trucks, come in powerful mechanical and ecologically efficient electric drive versions.

These mining cars, unlike typical trucks, feature extra-large tires to support massive loads across rough terrain commonly seen in near-surface mines.

Mining Shovels with Hydraulics:

Mining shovels, known as excavators, evolved from the original steam shovel design utilized in the past. Modern models frequently use hydraulics to move the shovel to power through challenging materials, including mining services equipment

Big Dozers:

Large mining dozers quickly move materials throughout a mining site. Furthermore, the availability of vehicles with wheels or tracks broadens the range of surfaces on which these dozers can work.

Rope Shovels with Electric Motors:

Electric rope shovels employ a series of pulleys and ropes to control the movement of the shovel at the end of the arm rather than hydraulics. Unlike hydraulic shovels, these types operate on electricity, resulting in more efficient performance done by mining services equipment over time.  

Rock Drills and Rotary Drill Rigs:

Rotary drill rigs make holes in rock or soil, allowing charges to be set for open blast mines. A moving drill rig is one of two drills commonly used in mining services equipment. A percussion and hammer drill is the next option. The drilling bit on a rotary drill rig moves under pressure to cut through the rock. The rock grinds as the bit revolve while compressed air propels it back up the drill to the upside, keeping the hole and bit clean.

Graders with motors:

Mines are rarely easily accessible by road. Motor graders are being used for surface tasks such as creating and maintaining roads around mines by mining services equipment.  

Wheel Loaders with Large Tires:

Nothing beats the versatility of giant wheel loaders for gathering up and quickly moving material throughout a mining site for loading into trucks. These are the significant component of mining services equipment. Sizes range from small to massive. The bucket capacity and load handling of a wheel loader increase as its size grow. It is critical to match the wheel loader’s handling capabilities for both volume and density of materials in the mine to ensure that the machine will withstand the rigors of everyday use without premature wear.


Lowering and scraping the bucket along the ground collects overburden or mined material by mining services equipment. Swinging the bucket at the dragline’s end around repositions it to drop its contents in a particular area.

Scrapers for Tractor Wheels:

The design of wheel tractor scrapers is similar to that of motor graders. On the other hand, Scrapers usually include an attached bin that collects material taken from the down surface rather than pushing it to the side as a grader does.

Loaders and trucks for underground mining:

Underground mining trucks and loaders need specific operating characteristics to perform in limited locations. Furthermore, in the enclosed environment of a mine, these vehicles cannot emit any pollution. As a result, ordinary surface mining trucks will not suffice for underground work.

Prismecs Mining Services:

This mining services equipment guide should help you better grasp the parts offered and their typical applications. Prismecs wants to be your one-stop shop for all mining machinery, features, and accessories. We can assist you in locating new equipment, rentals, servicing, power solutions, fluid analysis, and parts. So, give us a call immediately at 18887747632!

Industries Served

Experience Prismecs

Ready to talk about your operation’s needs? Contact us to start the conversation.

Contact Us