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E and P Supply Chain of Oil and Gas

February 20, 2024


Exploration and Production (E and P) is a particular field within the oil and gas industry associated with the initial stage of energy production, which consists of the exploration and extraction of oil and gas.

Exploration and Production are well known as the upstream segment of the oil and gas industry which comprises the search, exploration, drilling, and extraction phases. The e and P supply chain plays a vital role in the oil and gas industry as they provide services in the extraction and manufacturing of oil and gas.

An E and P company discovers and extracts the raw materials that are used in the energy sector. They do not purify or manufacture energy, but they find and extract raw materials to be shipped to other oil companies within the manufacturing process. Exploration and production (E and P) play a key role in oil and gas industry production.

After analyzing possibly practical fields, a well is drilled to examine the findings by gathering samples. The oil and gas deposits are extracted from the well, temporarily stored, and shipped through a pipeline to a refinery. The oil and gas industry operates through a global supply chain that includes domestic and international transport, trading and shipping, ordering, and the distribution of refined energy products from the points of origin to the global market.

The resource operators and owners work with a variety of contractors like engineering procurement and construction (EPC) contractors, business venture partners, and oil field service companies. In the procedure of locating and extracting oil and gas, E and P companies also build infrastructure and gather huge amounts of analytical data.

Exploration and Production (E and P) Phases

The procedure of exploration and production mainly consists of four phases which are listed below.

  • Search and Exploration

The search and exploration stage of oil and gas services consists of the search for hydrocarbons, the essential components of petroleum and natural gas. Land surveys are conducted to identify the most promising areas for this purpose.

The main goal is to locate specific minerals underground to estimate the amount of oil and gas reserves before drilling begins. This process also involves seismology, which uses vibrations and machinery to create seismic waves that interact with a reservoir containing oil and gas, helping to identify its location.

Well Construction

After identifying the possibly viable fields, a well is drilled to examine the findings and discover them. Whether there are sufficient reserves to be viable commercially for sale purposes.  The procedure involves making a hole by grinding or drilling the rock underneath the surface.

If this procedure shows that there are both the quality and quantity present to produce and sell commercially the production of oil wells initiates.


The deposits of oil and gas are extracted from the wells. Sometimes gas can be processed at the same location as the well. Petroleum is extracted on-site, stored temporarily, and ultimately shipped through a pipeline to a refinery.

Abandonment of Wells

Once a location is no longer productive and all the reserves have been extracted the wells are sealed or plugged. Attempts are made to restore the area to help protect the environment.

The Midstream and Downstream Phases

When the crude oil and gas reserves have been extracted, midstream oil and gas production starts. Midstream companies focus on the storage and transportation of oil and gas through pipelines. They provide the reserves to the companies that are involved in the final product called downstream.

The downstream process involves the refineries that will process the oil into useful products like gasoline. Once the finished products are manufactured from crude oil and natural gas, they are delivered to distributors and retail outlets such as gas stations and energy providers. The implementation of supply chain management in the oil and gas industry can help to minimize costs and increase the company’s profit. In the age of global crisis.


Prismecs has organized a team with diverse experience required to assist E and P supply chain teams to perform their tasks efficiently. Our petroleum engineers deliver oilfield services that are required for E and P operations. We believe that we need to cater to the needs of our clients. Our goal is to improve their overall performance and enhance their operational productivity.

All over the globe, Prismecs E and P supply chain services plan an essential role and allow more efficient operations in the petroleum field.  So, call us today at 18887747632 or you can email us at so that we can give you further insight into our services.


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